No Pic M964.1.568
Ancestor Portrait
Silk; Pigment
China, n.d.

This Chinese scroll painting was collected by John and Katharine Maltwood. Further research is required to enhance our knowledge of its history.
A series of photographs were produced by the Carnegie Foundation in the 1930's to be used in teaching art and architectural history. These photographs are of importance both for the information they convey about specific monument, and as documents of photographic history. Several of these document ancient and classical funerary art and architecture. Two of those are on view:
No Pic E993.1.A70
Carnegie Art History Educational Photograph Collection
Photographic print
Egyptian Tomb Painting
c. 1930 (photograph)

This is a photograph of a tomb painting depicting a grape harvest. The painting is of tempera on gesso from the Tomb of Apy. Apy lived in the 18th Dynasty (c. 1580-1350 B.C.E.) and his tomb is among the Tombs of the Nobles at Thebes, located across the Nile River from Luxor in Upper Egypt.
No Pic E993.1.A71
Carnegie Art History Educational Photograph Collection
Photographic print
Egyptian Tomb Painting
c. 1930 (photograph)

Userhet was another of the nobles buried at Thebes, but he lived in the 19th Dynasty (c. 1300 B.C.E.). The painting in this photograph shows Userhet and his wife seated before a tree, an offering table and a goddess. Two birds with animal heads, representing their souls, or the"ba" are located between the deceased and the goddess who offers them food and drink which will sustain them in the nether regions.
Brett McEntaggert
Ink; Paper
Ireland, n.d.

This etching of tombstones in a cemetery was formerly in the collection of Sylvia and Robin Skelton.
Tile Decoration from Old Tomb
Richard Roskell Bayne
Watercolour; Graphite; Paper
Lahore, India; Dec. 1870

Bayne was probably intending to produce a book on architectural motifs in India, for this painting appears to be a bookplate. It shows details from decorative tiles from a tomb in Lahore. He made this, and a number of similar plates, while he was working in India for the East India Railway Company. He describes this particular work as "Patterns in side surface panels to return wall of tomb. Lahore No II From Old Tomb. Tile Decoration. Muhammedan. One fourth full size. Dec. 1870."

Bibliography: Graduate student research papers, Bayne Research Seminar
No Pic U993.3.4
Ceremonial Ikat Weaving
Cotton; dye
Borneo (Malaysia - Sarawak; Indonesia - Kalimantan)
20th century

This hanging fabric has zoomorphic curvilinear forms which possibly represent lizards or crocodiles in the central area. The border motifs may symbolize water buffalo horns, lizards, crocodiles, or ŇasoÓ motifs. Ikat fabrics are dyed before they are woven. In a warp ikat, the warp threads are strung on the loom, then the pattern is made by tying or wrapping the threads together. These are dyed while still on the loom. The threads are re-wrapped and dyed in other configurations to create the pattern. The weft is then woven through the patterned warp. Weft Ikat weaving uses the same process. In some fabrics, both the warp and weft may be tied and dyed before the weaving is done. Further decoration may be applied through supplementary thread weaving or embroidery. This fabric was constructed by cutting apart a long fabric and sewing the two halves together at the middle.

In Sarawak (Maylasian part of Borneo), this type of cloth is known as as pua kumbu, and it is used for many rituals of a personŐs life from birth to death. It can be used to screen a corpse while it is laid out in state on the verandah before burial; thus, it defines ritual space or a sacred area, and forms a boundary between the world of the mortal and that of the spirit. Ikat textiles are also used as shrouds, in which the body may be wrapped before it is put into the grave.

This fabric was acquired by Colin Henderson Smith and Gloria M. (neé Burroughs) Smith during their stay in Sarawak in the 1960s-70s.

Bibliography: Chin and Mashman, Sarawak: Cultural Legacy; Richter, Arts and Crafts of Indonesia; Všlger and Welck, Indonesian Textiles: Symposium 1985 ; Solyom, Bronwen and Garrett, Fabric Traditions of Indonesia; Maxwell, Textiles of Southeast Asia: Tradition, Trade and Transformation; Textiles of Indonesia; Holmgren and Spertus, Early Indonesia Textiles from Three Island Cultures; Warming and Gaworski, The World of Indonesian Textiles.