- This term loosely refers to all the people born to a general crest. Actually the crest group can be further broken into clans, subclans, family lineages and individuals. The context in which it is used is the general crest group.
- A crest is the symbol that represents the family. The Tsimshian have four words for the English word crest. One is the "dzepk" which is the thing, for example the robe or totem pole that the crest would be displayed on. Another is the "ptex" which is the actual animal, spirit being or sun, which the crest is based on. The most important meaning is the "ayuks" which is the rights to the crest - who is allowed to show the crest. And finally the crest could refer to the family who have rights to the crest. The nations have general crests and more family-oriented crests.
- This word is used for many meanings. In one context the elements are fire, earth, water and air. In art it means the values, shape, line, form, texture, colour and point. In Native art it could also mean the specific shapes that are used such as the ovoid, u-shape, split-u.
- A shaman. He heals people and looks after their spirit.
- For the peoples of the Northwest Coast the potlatch is a spiritual, economic, social, legal and educational institution. They are given for special occasions. The host provides a large feast, there is singing, dancing, story-telling, speeches and then the host gives gifts. The gift-giving often occurred in order of rank and the value of the gifts corresponded to the rank of the person it was for. The leaders would also be responsible for keeping a surplus of necessities to redistibute to those in want. The potlatch was a legal and educational system in that it was the place where ownership of any properties was told in the family histories and either verified or contested after the story-telling and speeches.
- a northern grouse-like bird which changes from brown in the summer to white in the winter.
- This would be the equivalent of the upper, middle and lower classes except that the Northern nations the people emphasized personal status more than a class status.
- A double headed serpent which has the power to turn you into stone if you look into its eyes.
- growing, swelling. In this context it means the year is growing old.
- receding, declining. In this context it means the fire is dying down.