Richard Roskell Bayne, born in Warwickshire, England, 7 July 1837, received his first training in architecture from his father. In 1858, Bayne worked in the office of the British architect, Charles Barry, while attending classes at University College in London. By 1859, he was studying at the South Kensington School of Design in London, and was awarded the Queen's Prize by that institution in 1860.
After completing a year of travel in Europe, Bayne returned to London where he worked in the office of architect Digby Wyatt. In 1864, he passed the Royal Institute of British Architects Voluntary Architectural Examination, and was also awarded the RIBA Soane Medal. This prize enabled Bayne to make an extensive sketching tour in Europe in 1864-1865. Bayne entered the service of the East India Railway Company on 20 March 1866 and moved to Calcutta. By the time he retired from the Company on 30 April 1890, he had earned the rank of district engineer.
After his retirement, he moved to Victoria, B.C., Canada, where he opened an architectural office in May, 1891. He died in Victoria on 4 December 1901, and is buried in the Ross Bay Cemetery.