1550-1560

British Monarch

  • Elizabeth I (since 1558)

    Royal Period in Britain

  • Tudor (since 1485)

    Antique Period

  • In England: Tudor or Elizabethan
  • In France: Renaissance
  • In America: Early Colonial

    Furniture Period

  • Elizabethan

    Furniture Makers and Designers

  • -

    Design Influence

  • Renaissance
  • Gothic (12th century): Lancet arch, ribbed vault with predominant motif, scrolled foliage, framed panels with figure, animal or heraldic device treated in stylized form.

    Timbers

  • Oak: solid, primary wood for furniture

    Design Introductions (Approximate)

  • Coffer (circa 1400)
  • Tester: four poster bed (circa 1400)
  • Cupboard (circa 1400)

    Other Materials

  • -

    Decoration Details

  • Linenfold: carved panel resembling linen with tight folds

    1560-1570

    British Monarch

  • Elizabeth I

    Royal Period in Britain

  • Tudor

    Antique Period

  • In England: Tudor or Elizabethan
  • In France: Renaissance
  • In America: Early Colonial

    Furniture Period

  • Elizabethan

    Furniture Makers and Designers

  • -

    Design Influence

  • Renaissance
  • Gothic

    Timbers

  • Oak

    Design Introductions (Approximate)

  • Settle: long bench with high back
  • Armoire: cupboard

    Other Materials

  • Mortise and tenon joint: held by peg or dowel

    Decoration Details

  • Caryatid: column in form of a human figure

    1580-1590

    British Monarch

  • Elizabeth I

    Royal Period in Britain

  • Tudor

    Antique Period

  • In England: Tudor or Elizabethan
  • In France: Renaissance
  • In America: Early Colonial

    Furniture Period

  • Elizabethan

    Furniture Makers and Designers

  • Inigo Jones

    Design Influence

  • Renaissance
  • Gothic

    Timbers

  • Oak
  • Walnut: solid

    Design Introductions (Approximate)

  • Court cupboard

    Other Materials

  • -

    Decoration Details

  • -

    1570-1580

    British Monarch

  • Elizabeth I

    Royal Period in Britain

  • Tudor

    Antique Period

  • In England: Tudor or Elizabethan
  • In France: Renaissance
  • In America: Early Colonial

    Furniture Period

  • Elizabethan

    Furniture Makers and Designers

  • Inigo Jones: UK architect and designer

    Design Influence

  • Renaissance
  • Gothic

    Timbers

  • Oak

    Design Introductions (Approximate)

  • -

    Other Materials

  • -

    Decoration Details

  • Romayne work: carved profile head on a medallion

    1590-1600

    British Monarch

  • Elizabeth I

    Royal Period in Britain

  • Tudor

    Antique Period

  • In England: Tudor or Elizabethan
  • In France: Renaissance
  • In America: Early Colonial

    Furniture Period

  • Elizabethan

    Furniture Makers and Designers

  • Inigo Jones

    Design Influence

  • Renaissance
  • Gothic

    Timbers

  • Oak
  • Walnut

    Design Introductions (Approximate)

  • Buffet

    Other Materials

  • -

    Decoration Details

  • Nonsuch inlay: inlay decoration representing a building

    1600-1610

    British Monarch

  • Elizabeth I
  • James I (since 1603)

    Royal Period in Britain

  • Tudor
  • Stuart (since 1603)

    Antique Period

  • In England: Jacobean
  • In France: Renaissance
  • In America: Early Colonial

    Furniture Period

  • Elizabethan

    Furniture Makers and Designers

  • Inigo Jones

    Design Influence

  • Renaissance
  • Gothic

    Timbers

  • Cherry: used in America and England
  • Oak
  • Walnut

    Design Introductions (Approximate)

  • Refectory table
  • Drawer leaf refectory table

    Other Materials

  • -

    Decoration Details

  • Arcading: arches on furniture backs and panels

    1610-1620

    British Monarch

  • James I

    Royal Period in Britain

  • Stuart

    Antique Period

  • In England: Jacobean
  • In France: Louis XIII
  • In America: Early Colonial

    Furniture Period

  • Elizabethan

    Furniture Makers and Designers

  • Inigo Jones

    Design Influence

  • Renaissance
  • Gothic

    Timbers

  • Cherry
  • Oak

    Design Introductions (Approximate)

  • Carver chair: Dutch
  • Farthingale chair: probably made for women wearing a farthingale or hooped skirt

    Other Materials

  • Papier Mache: brought to France from China

    Decoration Details

  • -

    1620-1630

    British Monarch

  • James I
  • Charles I (since 1625)

    Royal Period in Britain

  • Stuart

    Antique Period

  • In England: Carolean
  • In France: Louis XIII
  • In America: Early Colonial

    Furniture Period

  • Elizabethan

    Furniture Makers and Designers

  • Inigo Jones

    Design Influence

  • Renaissance
  • Baroque: extensive ornamentation, heavy and rectilineal shapes

    Timbers

  • Cherry
  • Oak

    Design Introductions (Approximate)

  • Gate leg table
  • Dining chairs
  • Conneticut chest

    Other Materials

  • -

    Decoration Details

  • -

    1630-1640

    British Monarch

  • Charles I

    Royal Period in Britain

  • Stuart

    Antique Period

  • In England: Carolean
  • In France: Louis XIII
  • In America:

    Early Colonial

    Furniture Period

  • Elizabethan

    Furniture Makers and Designers

  • Inigo Jones

    Design Influence

  • Renaissance
  • Baroque

    Timbers

  • Beech: used for framing of upholstered furniture: can be tacked without splitting
  • Cherry
  • Oak

    Design Introductions (Approximate)

  • -

    Other Materials

  • -

    Decoration Details

  • Lunettes or Lozenges: crescent or diamond shaped design on flat furniture surfaces

    1640-1650

    British Monarch

  • Charles I
  • Commonwealth (since 1649)

    Royal Period in Britain

  • Stuart

    Antique Period

  • In England: Cromwellian
  • In France: Louis XIV (since 1643)
  • In America: Early Colonial

    Furniture Period

  • Elizabethan

    Furniture Makers and Designers

  • Inigo Jones
  • Andre C. Boulle: furniture maker to Louis XIV in France
  • Grinling Gibbons: UK master carver

    Design Influence

  • Renaissance
  • Baroque

    Timbers

  • Beech
  • Cherry
  • Oak

    Design Introductions (Approximate)

  • Jointed stool
  • Folding X frame stool: French
  • Bible box

    Other Materials

  • Locks of cast iron

    Decoration Details

  • Boulle work: marquetry in brass, tortoiseshell and other metal or material

    1650-1660

    British Monarch

  • Commonwealth

    Royal Period in Britain

  • Stuart

    Antique Period

  • In England: Cromwellian
  • In France: Louis XIV
  • In America: Early Colonial

    Furniture Period

  • Elizabethan

    Furniture Makers and Designers

  • Inigo Jones
  • Andre C. Boulle
  • Grinling Gibbons

    Design Influence

  • Renaissance
  • Baroque
  • Chinoiserie: Western adaptation of Chinese shapes and motifs fostered by East India companies shipping to Europe

    Timbers

  • Beech
  • Cherry
  • Oak

    Design Introductions (Approximate)

  • Chest of drawers
  • Longcase clock: informal "Grandfather" clock
  • Brewster chair: America

    Other Materials

  • -

    Decoration Details

  • -

    1660-1670

    British Monarch

  • Charles II (since 1660)

    Royal Period in Britain

  • Stuart

    Antique Period

  • In England: Restoration
  • In France: Louis XIV
  • In America: Early Colonial

    Furniture Period

  • Elizabethan

    Furniture Makers and Designers

  • Andre C. Boulle
  • Grinling Gibbons
  • Burrough and Farmbouroug: UK
  • Daniel Marot: French ebeniste employed at Hampton Court, UK

    Design Influence

  • Renaissance
  • Baroque
  • Chinoiserie

    Timbers

  • Beech
  • Cherry
  • Mahogany: used only as ballast in ships
  • Oak
  • Walnut: solid

    Design Introductions (Approximate)

  • Bookcase
  • Mirrors

    Other Materials

  • Lacquer
  • Gilding

    Decoration Details

  • -

    1670-1680

    British Monarch

  • Charles II

    Royal Period in Britain

  • Stuart

    Antique Period

  • In England: Restoration
  • In France: Louis XIV
  • In America: Early Colonial

    Furniture Period

  • Elizabethan

    Furniture Makers and Designers

  • Andre C. Boulle
  • Grinling Gibbons
  • Burrough and Farmbouroug
  • Daniel Marot

    Design Influence

  • Renaissance
  • Baroque
  • Chinoiserie

    Timbers

  • Beech
  • Cherry
  • Mahogany
  • Oak: secondary wood for furniture, sometimes used as a veneer on pine
  • Walnut

    Design Introductions (Approximate)

  • Side table
  • Cane chair

    Other Materials

  • Lacquer
  • Gilding

    Decoration Details

  • Marquetry in walnut: various inlayed woods, ivory, bone etc. to form a pattern and fixed to a furniture surface

    1680-1690

    British Monarch

  • Charles II
  • James II (since 1685)
  • William and Mary (since 1688)

    Royal Period in Britain

  • Stuart
  • William and Mary (since 1688)

    Antique Period

  • In England: William and Mary
  • In France: Louis XIV
  • In America: William and Mary (since 1688)

    Furniture Period

  • Elizabethan

    Furniture Makers and Designers

  • Andre C. Boulle
  • Grinling Gibbons
  • Burrough and Farmbouroug
  • Daniel Marot
  • William Kent: UK designer
  • Garret Johnson: UK furniture maker

    Design Influence

  • Baroque
  • Chinoiserie

    Timbers

  • Beech
  • Cherry
  • Mahogany
  • Oak
  • Walnut

    Design Introductions (Approximate)

  • Barometer
  • Card table
  • Kneehole desk
  • Armchair
  • Wainscot chair

    Other Materials

  • Lacquer
  • Gilding

    Decoration Details

  • Cross banding
  • Dovetail joint

    1690-1700

    British Monarch

  • William and Mary
  • William III (since 1694)

    Royal Period in Britain

  • William and Mary

    Antique Period

  • In England: William III
  • In France: Louis XIV
  • In America: Dutch Colonial

    Furniture Period

  • Marot

    Furniture Makers and Designers

  • Andre C. Boulle
  • Grinling Gibbons
  • Daniel Marot
  • William Kent
  • Garret Johnson
  • Jacques Dubois: French ebeniste

    Design Influence

  • Chinoiserie
  • Baroque
  • Rococo: elaborate but graceful ornamentation based on shapes of rock, shell, floral and leaves

    Timbers

  • Beech
  • Cherry
  • Mahogany
  • Oak
  • Walnut: mostly veneer to take advantage of the attractive grain

    Design Introductions (Approximate)

  • Bureau

    Other Materials

  • Lacquer
  • Locks in steel or brass

    Decoration Details

  • -

    1700-1710

    British Monarch

  • William and Mary
  • Anne (since 1702)

    Royal Period in Britain

  • William and Mary
  • Queen Anne (since 1702)

    Antique Period

  • In England: Anne
  • In France: Louis XIV
  • In America: Queen Anne (since 1702)

    Furniture Period

  • Marot

    Furniture Makers and Designers

  • Andre C. Boulle
  • Grinling Gibbons
  • Daniel Marot
  • William Kent
  • Garret Johnson
  • Jacques Dubois
  • Gillows furniture makers: UK

    Design Influence

  • Baroque
  • Rococo
  • Simplicity: a return to plain simple design from the elaborate ornamentation

    Timbers

  • Ash: solid
  • Beech
  • Cherry
  • Chestnut: French provincial
  • Kingwood and Tulipwood: veneer, used by French cabinet makers
  • Mahogany
  • Oak
  • Satinwood: veneer, used by English cabinet makers
  • Walnut
  • Yew: English provincial

    Design Introductions (Approximate)

  • Tallboy
  • Display cabinet
  • Corner chair

    Other Materials Lacquer

    Decoration Details

  • Dentil motif

    1710-1720

    British Monarch

  • Anne
  • George I (since 1714)

    Royal Period in Britain

  • Queen Anne
  • Georgian (since 1714)

    Antique Period

  • In England: Georgian
  • In France: Regancy (since 1715)
  • In America: Queen Anne

    Furniture Period

  • Marot

    Furniture Makers and Designers

  • Andre C. Boulle
  • Grinling Gibbons
  • Daniel Marot
  • William Kent
  • Garret Johnson
  • Jacques Dubois
  • Gillows furniture makers
  • Thomas Chippendale: UK
  • Thomas Elfe: American furniture maker
  • J. Baumhauer: French ebeniste

    Design Influence

  • Rococo
  • Simplicity

    Timbers

  • Ash
  • Beech
  • Cherry
  • Chestnut
  • Kingwood and Tulipwood
  • Mahogany
  • Oak
  • Satinwood
  • Walnut
  • Yew

    Design Introductions (Approximate)

  • Wing armchair
  • Bookcase

    Other Materials

  • Lacquer
  • Gilding
  • Screw

    Decoration Details

  • Fielded panels

    1720-1730

    British Monarch

  • George I
  • George II (since 1727)

    Royal Period in Britain

  • Georgian

    Antique Period

  • In England: Georgian
  • In France: Louis XV (since 1723)
  • In America: Early Georgian (since 1727)

    Furniture Period

  • Kent

    Furniture Makers and Designers

  • Andre C. Boulle
  • Daniel Marot
  • William Kent
  • Jacques Dubois
  • Gillows furniture makers
  • Thomas Chippendale
  • Thomas Elfe
  • J. Baumhauer
  • George Seddon: UK cabinet maker
  • Townsend-Goddard: America

    Design Influence

  • Rococo

    Timbers

  • Ash
  • Beech
  • Cherry
  • Chestnut
  • Kingwood and Tulipwood
  • Mahogany
  • Oak
  • Satinwood
  • Walnut
  • Yew

    Design Introductions (Approximate)

  • Cabriole-leg chair
  • Partners desk
  • Commode: French

    Other Materials

  • Gilding
  • Wood caster held by iron plate

    Decoration Details

  • Bow front: curved front
  • Cockbead drawers: curved edge moulding applied to drawers
  • Bonnet top: broken arch pediment

    1730-1740

    British Monarch

  • George II

    Royal Period in Britain

  • Georgian

    Antique Period

  • In England: Georgian
  • In France: Louis XV
  • In America: Early Georgian

    Furniture Period

  • Kent

    Furniture Makers and Designers

  • Daniel Marot
  • William Kent
  • Jacques Dubois
  • Gillows furniture makers
  • Thomas Chippendale
  • Thomas Elfe
  • J. Baumhauer
  • George Seddon
  • Townsend-Goddard
  • Georges Jacob: French ebeniste
  • Renee Dubois: Frence ebeniste

    Design Influence

  • Rococo

    Timbers

  • Ash
  • Beech
  • Cherry
  • Chestnut
  • Kingwood and Tulipwood
  • Mahogany: solid and veneer
  • Oak
  • Satinwood
  • Walnut
  • Yew

    Design Introductions (Approximate)

  • Dresser
  • Drop leaf table
  • Pembroke table
  • Dumb waiter
  • Lowboy: America
  • Games table
  • Deception table: similar to a Pembroke table with hidden shelf
  • Canape: French sofa

    Other Materials

  • Wood caster held by iron plate

    Decoration Details

  • Architectural cornices: projecting moulding at top of a cupboard
  • "Greek" key pattern: a pattern of lines at right angles

    1740-1750

    British Monarch

  • George II

    Royal Period in Britain

  • Georgian

    Antique Period

  • In England: Georgian
  • In France: Louis XV
  • In America: Early Georgian

    Furniture Period

  • Kent

    Furniture Makers and Designers

  • Daniel Marot
  • William Kent
  • Jacques Dubois
  • Gillows furniture makers
  • Thomas Chippendale
  • Thomas Elfe
  • J. Baumhauer
  • George Seddon
  • Townsend-Goddard
  • Georges Jacob
  • Renee Dubois

    Design Influence

  • Rococo

    Timbers

  • Ash
  • Beech
  • Cherry
  • Chestnut
  • Kingwood and Tulipwood
  • Mahogany
  • Oak
  • Satinwood
  • Walnut
  • Yew

    Design Introductions (Approximate)

  • -

    Other Materials

  • Gilding
  • Wood caster held by iron plate

    Decoration Details

  • "C" and "S" scrolls: carving shaped as letters
  • Anthemion: stylized flower of leaf design like honeysuckle

    1750-1760

    British Monarch

  • George II

    Royal Period in Britain

  • Georgian

    Antique Period

  • In England: Georgian
  • In France: Louis XV
  • In America: Chippendale

    Furniture Period

  • Chippendale

    Furniture Makers and Designers

  • Daniel Marot
  • Jacques Dubois
  • Gillows furniture makers
  • Thomas Chippendale
  • Thomas Elfe
  • J. Baumhauer
  • George Seddon
  • Townsend-Goddard
  • Georges Jacob
  • Renee Dubois
  • Thomas Sheraton: UK designer
  • Ince and Mayhew: UK furniture makers
  • Vile and Cobb: UK

    Design Influence

  • Neo-classical: imitation of surviving classical models
  • Gophic revival

    Timbers

  • Ash
  • Beech
  • Cherry
  • Chestnut
  • Kingwood and Tulipwood
  • Mahogany
  • Oak
  • Satinwood
  • Walnut
  • Yew

    Design Introductions (Approximate)

  • Highboy: America
  • Butlers tray
  • Tripod table
  • Sawbuck table: Pensylvania Dutch

    Other Materials

  • Gilding
  • Wood caster held by iron plate
  • Papier Mache: UK

    Decoration Details

  • -

    1760-1770

    British Monarch

  • George III (since 1760)

    Royal Period in Britain

  • Georgian

    Antique Period

  • In England: Georgian
  • In France: Louis XV
  • In America: Chippendale

    Furniture Period

  • Chippendale

    Furniture Makers and Designers

  • Jacques Dubois
  • Gillows furniture makers
  • Thomas Chippendale
  • Thomas Elfe
  • J. Baumhauer
  • George Seddon
  • Townsend-Goddard
  • Georges Jacob
  • Renee Dubois
  • Thomas Sheraton
  • Ince and Mayhew
  • Vile and Cobb
  • Rob Adam: UK

    Design Influence

  • Neo-classical
  • Rococo revival
  • Chinoiserie revival

    Timbers

  • Ash
  • Beech
  • Cherry
  • Chestnut
  • Coromandel: veneer
  • Kingwood and Tulipwood
  • Mahogany
  • Oak
  • Satinwood
  • Walnut
  • Yew

    Design Introductions (Approximate)

  • Davenport desk
  • Settee
  • Sofa table

    Other Materials

  • Lacquer
  • Gilding
  • Cast iron caster

    Decoration Details

  • -

    1770-1780

    British Monarch

  • George III

    Royal Period in Britain

  • Georgian

    Antique Period

  • In England: Georgian
  • In France: Louis XVI (since 1774)
  • In America: Chippendale

    Furniture Period

  • Adam
  • Hepplewhite

    Furniture Makers and Designers

  • Gillows furniture makers
  • Thomas Chippendale
  • Thomas Elfe
  • J. Baumhauer
  • George Seddon
  • Townsend-Goddard
  • Georges Jacob
  • Renee Dubois
  • Thomas Sheraton
  • Ince and Mayhew
  • Rob Adam
  • Duncan Phyfe (since 1783): America
  • Thomas Hope: UK designer
  • Jacob and Honore: France
  • Shaker: Religious community in New York, America

    Design Influence

  • Neo-classical
  • Rococo revival
  • Chinoiserie revival

    Timbers

  • Ash
  • Beech
  • Cherry
  • Chestnut
  • Coromandel
  • Kingwood and Tulipwood
  • Mahogany
  • Oak
  • Satinwood
  • Walnut
  • Yew

    Design Introductions (Approximate)

  • Bureau bookcase
  • Cellaret
  • D-ended Dining table
  • Giltwood screen

    Other Materials

  • Brass caster with laminated leather caster

    Decoration Details

  • Acanthus: stylized leaf carving
  • Marquetry: in all woods other than walnut

    1780-1790

    British Monarch

  • George III

    Royal Period in Britain

  • Georgian
  • Regency (since 1780)

    Antique Period

  • In England: Regency
  • In France: Louis XVI
  • In America: Chippendale

    Furniture Period

  • Hepplewhite

    Furniture Makers and Designers

  • Gillows furniture makers
  • Thomas Elfe
  • George Seddon
  • Townsend-Goddard
  • Georges Jacob
  • Renee Dubois
  • Thomas Sheraton
  • Ince and Mayhew
  • Rob Adam
  • Duncan Phyfe
  • Thomas Hope
  • Jacob and Honore
  • Shaker
  • Hepplewhite: UK
  • Hepplewhite style: America
  • Jean Guillaume Beneman: ebeniste to Louis XVI, France

    Design Influence

  • Neo-classical
  • Chinoiserie revival

    Timbers

  • Ash
  • Beech
  • Cherry
  • Chestnut
  • Coromandel
  • Kingwood and Tulipwood
  • Mahogany
  • Oak
  • Rosewood: veneer
  • Satinwood
  • Walnut
  • Yew

    Design Introductions (Approximate)

  • Whatnot
  • Linen press
  • Corner cupboard
  • Night commode
  • Commode
  • Sabre leg chair
  • Teaboy
  • Wine cooler

    Other Materials

  • Solid brass caster

    Decoration Details

  • Tulipwood and kingwood cross banding

    1790-1800

    British Monarch

  • George III

    Royal Period in Britain

  • Georgian
  • Regency

    Antique Period

  • In England: Regency
  • In France: Directoire (since 1793), Empire (since 1799)
  • In America: Federal (since 1790)

    Furniture Period

  • Sheraton

    Furniture Makers and Designers

  • Gillows furniture makers
  • Thomas Elfe
  • George Seddon
  • Georges Jacob
  • Renee Dubois
  • Thomas Sheraton
  • Ince and Mayhew
  • Duncan Phyfe
  • Thomas Hope
  • Jacob and Honore
  • Shaker
  • Hepplewhite
  • Hepplewhite style
  • Jean Guillaume Beneman
  • Thos Shearer: UK
  • Hitchcock: chairs, America
  • Chauncey Jerome: clock cases, America

    Design Influence

  • Neo-classical
  • Regency

    Timbers

  • Ash
  • Beech
  • Cherry: infrequently used, sometimes as veneer
  • Chestnut
  • Coromandel
  • Kingwood and Tulipwood
  • Mahogany
  • Oak
  • Rosewood
  • Satinwood
  • Walnut
  • Yew

    Design Introductions (Approximate)

  • Pedestal dining table
  • Sideboard
  • Canterbury
  • Sofa table
  • Bow-fronted chest
  • Serving table

    Other Materials

  • Gilding
  • Circular saw invented

    Decoration Details

  • -

    1800-1810

    British Monarch

  • George III

    Royal Period in Britain

  • Georgian
  • Regency

    Antique Period

  • In England: Regency
  • In France: Empire
  • In America: Federal

    Furniture Period

  • Sheraton

    Furniture Makers and Designers

  • Gillows furniture makers
  • Georges Jacob
  • Thomas Sheraton
  • Ince and Mayhew
  • Duncan Phyfe
  • Thomas Hope
  • Jacob and Honore
  • Shaker
  • Jean Guillaume Beneman
  • Hitchcock
  • Chauncey Jerome
  • George Smith: Regency style, UK

    Design Influence

  • Gothic revival
  • Egyptian: copies of Egyptian design
  • Empire: Napoleonic
  • Regency

    Timbers

  • Beech
  • Birch: solid, lacquered furniture and fake papier mache
  • Cherry
  • Coromandel
  • Elm: English Windsor chairs
  • Mahogany
  • Oak
  • Pine: popular for country furniture in England and America
  • Rosewood
  • Walnut
  • Yew

    Design Introductions (Approximate)

  • Nest of tables
  • Chiffonier: French
  • Banjo clock
  • Spinning wheel
  • Secretaire
  • Loo table: for game of Lanterloo

    Other Materials

  • Lacquer
  • Gilding

    Decoration Details

  • Sphinx heads and stars
  • Greek key pattern revival

    1810-1820

    British Monarch

  • George III

    Royal Period in Britain

  • Georgian
  • Regency

    Antique Period

  • In England: Regency
  • In France: Restauration (since 1815)
  • In America: Federal

    Furniture Period

  • Hope

    Furniture Makers and Designers

  • Gillows furniture makers
  • Georges Jacob
  • Duncan Phyfe
  • Thomas Hope
  • Jacob and Honore
  • Shaker
  • Hitchcock
  • Chauncey Jerome
  • George Smith
  • Auguste Pugin: Gothic revival, UK architect
  • Jennens and Bettridge: papier mache furniture, UK

    Design Influence

  • Gothic revival
  • Egyptian
  • Empire
  • Regency

    Timbers

  • Beech
  • Birch
  • Cherry
  • Coromandel
  • Elm
  • Mahogany
  • Oak
  • Pine
  • Rosewood
  • Walnut
  • Yew

    Design Introductions (Approximate)

  • Hallstand
  • Windsor chair
  • Credenza revival
  • Sutherland table
  • Worktable
  • Drum table
  • Breakfront desk

    Other Materials

  • Lacquer
  • Gilding

    Decoration Details

  • Ebony black line inlay

    1820-1830

    British Monarch

  • George IV (since 1820)

    Royal Period in Britain

  • Georgian
  • Regency

    Antique Period

  • In England: Regency
  • In France: Restauration
  • In America: Federal

    Furniture Period

  • Hope

    Furniture Makers and Designers

  • Gillows furniture makers
  • Duncan Phyfe
  • Thomas Hope
  • Jacob and Honore
  • Shaker
  • Hitchcock
  • Chauncey Jerome
  • George Smith
  • Auguste Pugin
  • Jennens and Bettridge
  • John Taylor: UK furniture maker

    Design Influence

  • Gothic revival
  • Regency

    Timbers

  • Beech
  • Birch
  • Cherry
  • Coromandel
  • Elm
  • Mahogany
  • Oak
  • Pine
  • Rosewood
  • Walnut
  • Yew

    Design Introductions (Approximate)

  • Biedermeier chest: German
  • Writing table

    Other Materials

  • -

    Decoration Details

  • -

    1830-1840

    British Monarch

  • William IV (since 1830)
  • Victoria (since 1837)

    Royal Period in Britain

  • Victorian

    Antique Period

  • In England: William IV (since 1830), Victorian (since 1837)
  • In France: Louis Philippe (since 1830)
  • In America: Victorian (since 1837)

    Furniture Period

  • -

    Furniture Makers and Designers

  • Duncan Phyfe
  • Thomas Hope
  • Jacob and Honore
  • Shaker
  • Chauncey Jerome
  • Auguste Pugin
  • Jennens and Bettridge
  • William Morris: UK

    Design Influence

  • Revival: copies of past styles, etc.
  • Louis Philippe: copies of Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque

    Timbers

  • Beech
  • Birch
  • Cherry
  • Coromandel
  • Elm
  • Mahogany
  • Oak
  • Pine
  • Walnut
  • Yew

    Design Introductions (Approximate)

  • Carved hall chair
  • Etagere
  • Pedestal desk

    Other Materials

  • Papier mache: America

    Decoration Details

  • -

    1840-1850

    British Monarch

  • Victoria

    Royal Period in Britain

  • Victorian

    Antique Period

  • In England: Victorian
  • In France: Second Empire (since 1848)
  • In America: Victorian

    Furniture Period

  • -

    Furniture Makers and Designers

  • Duncan Phyfe
  • Shaker
  • Chauncey Jerome
  • Auguste Pugin
  • Jennens and Bettridge
  • William Morris
  • John Belter: New York, America

    Design Influence

  • Revival
  • Louis Philippe

    Timbers

  • Beech
  • Birch
  • Cherry
  • Elm
  • Mahogany
  • Oak
  • Pine
  • Walnut
  • Yew

    Design Introductions (Approximate)

  • Boston rocker: American
  • Wellington chest

    Other Materials

  • Papier mache

    Decoration Details

  • -

    1850-1860

    British Monarch

  • Victoria

    Royal Period in Britain

  • Victorian

    Antique Period

  • In England: Victorian
  • In France: Second Empire
  • In America: Victorian

    Furniture Period

  • -

    Furniture Makers and Designers

  • Duncan Phyfe
  • Shaker
  • Chauncey Jerome
  • Auguste Pugin
  • Jennens and Bettridge
  • William Morris
  • John Belter

    Design Influence

  • Revival

    Timbers

  • Beech
  • Birch
  • Cherry
  • Elm
  • Mahogany: mainly veneer
  • Oak
  • Pine
  • Walnut
  • Yew

    Design Introductions (Approximate)

  • Ladies work table
  • Balloon back chair
  • Boston rocker
  • Whatnot

    Other Materials

  • Papier mache
  • Gilding

    Decoration Details

  • -

    1860-1870

    British Monarch

  • Victoria

    Royal Period in Britain

  • Victorian

    Antique Period

  • In England: Victorian
  • In France: Second Empire
  • In America: Victorian

    Furniture Period

  • -

    Furniture Makers and Designers

  • Shaker
  • Chauncey Jerome
  • Jennens and Bettridge
  • William Morris

    Design Influence

  • Revival

    Timbers

  • Beech
  • Birch
  • Cherry
  • Elm
  • Mahogany
  • Oak
  • Pine
  • Walnut
  • Yew

    Design Introductions (Approximate)

  • Toilet table

    Other Materials

  • Gilding
  • Papier mache
  • Ebonised beechwood

    Decoration Details

  • -

    1870-1880

    British Monarch

  • Victoria

    Royal Period in Britain

  • Victorian

    Antique Period

  • In England: Victorian
  • In France: Third Republic (since 1870)
  • In America: Victorian

    Furniture Period

  • -

    Furniture Makers and Designers

  • Shaker
  • William Morris

    Design Influence

  • Revival

    Timbers

  • Beech
  • Birch
  • Cherry
  • Elm
  • Mahogany
  • Oak
  • Pine
  • Walnut
  • Yew

    Design Introductions (Approximate)

  • -

    Other Materials

  • Gilding
  • Papier mache
  • Ebonised beechwood

    Decoration Details

  • -

    1880-1890

    British Monarch

  • Victoria

    Royal Period in Britain

  • Victorian

    Antique Period

  • In England: Victorian
  • In France: Third Republic
  • In America: Victorian

    Furniture Period

  • -

    Furniture Makers and Designers

  • Shaker
  • William Morris

    Design Influence

  • Revival

    Timbers

  • Beech
  • Birch
  • Cherry
  • Elm: sometimes used for reproduction furniture
  • Mahogany
  • Oak
  • Pine
  • Walnut
  • Yew: reproductions in veneer

    Design Introductions (Approximate)

  • -

    Other Materials

  • Ebonised beechwood

    Decoration Details

  • -

    1890-1900

    British Monarch

  • Victoria

    Royal Period in Britain

  • Victorian

    Antique Period

  • In England: Victorian
  • In France: Third Republic
  • In America: Victorian

    Furniture Period

  • -

    Furniture Makers and Designers

  • William Morris

    Design Influence

  • -

    Timbers

  • Beech
  • Birch
  • Cherry
  • Elm
  • Mahogany
  • Oak
  • Pine
  • Walnut
  • Yew

    Design Introductions (Approximate)

  • -

    Other Materials

  • -

    Decoration Details

  • -

    1900-1910

    British Monarch

  • Victoria
  • Edward VII (since 1901)

    Royal Period in Britain

  • Victorian
  • Edwardian (since 1901)

    Antique Period

  • In England: Edwardian
  • In France: Third Republic
  • In America: Arte Nouveau (since 1901)

    Furniture Period

  • -

    Furniture Makers and Designers

  • -

    Design Influence

  • Arte Nouveau: swelling sinuous outlines and stylized natural forms of flowers etc.

    Timbers

  • Beech
  • Birch
  • Cherry
  • Elm
  • Mahogany
  • Oak
  • Pine
  • Walnut
  • Yew

    Design Introductions (Approximate)

  • -

    Other Materials

  • -

    Decoration Details

  • -

    1910-1920

    British Monarch

  • George V (since 1910)

    Royal Period in Britain

  • House of Windsor

    Antique Period

  • In England: House of Windsor
  • In France: Third Republic
  • In America: Arte Nouveau

    Furniture Period

  • -

    Furniture Makers and Designers

  • -

    Design Influence

  • Arte Nouveau

    Timbers

  • Beech
  • Birch
  • Cherry
  • Elm
  • Mahogany
  • Oak
  • Pine
  • Walnut
  • Yew

    Design Introductions (Approximate)

  • -

    Other Materials

  • Lacquer

    Decoration Details

  • -

    1920-1930

    British Monarch

  • George V

    Royal Period in Britain

  • House of Windsor

    Antique Period

  • In England: House of Windsor
  • In France: Third Republic
  • In America: -

    Furniture Period

  • -

    Furniture Makers and Designers

  • -

    Design Influence

  • Arte Nouveau
  • Arte Deco: geometric shapes, stylized natural forms and designs applicable to mass production

    Timbers

  • Beech
  • Birch
  • Cherry
  • Elm
  • Mahogany
  • Oak
  • Pine
  • Walnut
  • Yew

    Design Introductions (Approximate)

  • -

    Other Materials

  • Lacquer

    Decoration Details

  • -

    1930-1940

    British Monarch

  • George V
  • Edward VIII (since 1936)
  • George VI (since 1936)

    Royal Period in Britain

  • House of Windsor

    Antique Period

  • In England: House of Windsor
  • In France: Third Republic
  • In America: -

    Furniture Period

  • -

    Furniture Makers and Designers

  • -

    Design Influence

  • Arte Deco

    Timbers

  • Beech
  • Birch
  • Cherry
  • Elm
  • Mahogany
  • Oak
  • Pine
  • Walnut
  • Yew

    Design Introductions (Approximate)

  • -

    Other Materials

  • Lacquer

    Decoration Details

  • -

    1940-1950

    British Monarch

  • George VI

    Royal Period in Britain

  • House of Windsor

    Antique Period

  • In England: House of Windsor
  • In France: -
  • In America: -

    Furniture Period

  • -

    Furniture Makers and Designers

  • -

    Design Influence

  • Arte Deco

    Timbers

  • Beech
  • Birch
  • Cherry
  • Elm
  • Mahogany
  • Oak
  • Pine
  • Walnut
  • Yew

    Design Introductions (Approximate)

  • -

    Other Materials

  • Lacquer

    Decoration Details

  • -

    1950-1960

    British Monarch

  • George VI (until 1952)

    Royal Period in Britain

  • House of Windsor

    Antique Period

  • In England: House of Windsor
  • In France: -
  • In America: -

    Furniture Period

  • -

    Furniture Makers and Designers

  • -

    Design Influence

  • -

    Timbers

  • Beech
  • Birch
  • Cherry
  • Elm
  • Mahogany
  • Oak
  • Pine
  • Walnut
  • Yew

    Design Introductions (Approximate)

  • -

    Other Materials

  • -

    Decoration Details

  • -