Mobile Museum Program of National Museum, Botswana at Ditshegwane Village (Study Tour visit, 1995) CAM workshop delegates in Guyana with the Minister of Culture, Youth and Sports, The Honourable Gail Texeira, 1999 Delegate display at GCAM workshop, Nairobi, 1997 Tswaing Crater, South Africa, 1995 Jennifer Wishart (left), Emmanuel Arinze, Jenny Daly at Museum of African Art, Georgetown, Guyana CAM delegates at the Tswaing Crater Interpretation Centre, South Africa, 1995 Children's dance troupe, Ditshegwane Village, 1995 Charity Namukoko Salasini, Zambia with child guest, GCAM workshop, Nairobi, 1997
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Other Papers and Publications

Group for Children in African Museums, new CAM publication now available "Manual Children in African Museums" by Emmanuel Arinze, Lois Irvine, Dorene Nteta & GCAM Teams.

A how-to guide for children's programming in the museums of Africa. Read and/or download your copy now.


1. Putting Culture First: Commonwealth perspectives on culture and development.
“Through our failure to use creativity and cultural expression as a force for social justice, transformation and the articulation of human need, governments and development organisations may find that they are unwittingly letting down the very people in whose name they work... Putting Culture First highlights what the connections between culture and development look like in closer detail, over and above the simple assertion that they exist. For the Commonwealth, this is a debate we urgently needed to begin.”

2. Culture in Development: consultation with Civil Society Advisory Committee of the Commonwealth Foundation.
“The discussion on ‘Culture in Development’ was the first in a series of Commonwealth Foundation consultations on different aspects of culture, cultural policy and development. The consultation’s findings will feed directly into the Foundation’s new research project, ‘Putting Culture First’, which is set to culminate in the publication of a report in November 2008. Further details of this research project are available at
The discussion provided significant food for thought. While many of the most acute tensions – such as broad/narrow visions of the Foundation’s work and broad/narrow definitions of civil society in culture – inevitably remain unresolved, some of their complexities and challenges were brought out. Specifically, one conceptual distinction that continued to arise was between ‘culture as identity’ and ‘culture as creativity’. ... [T]he notion of looking at cultural shifts and adaptation as a way of measuring and conceptualising culture seems to be a valuable one, and merits further attention.
Underpinning much of the discussion was the recognition that the challenge of ‘selling’ culture to a development audience remains a very real obstacle. Participants emphasised that culture could still often be seen as a force which hindered development (for example in the case of women’s rights) and that there was a need to establish in more concrete terms what the positive contributions of culture to development can be.”

Québec House, London, 14 March 2008

CAM Secretary General article in the Commonwealth Ministers Reference Book, 2008

“Commonwealth museums: relics of the past or tools for the future?”
Institutions of society must continually redefine themselves if they are to remain relevant to the needs of their countries and communities. Museums as public institutions are no exception. What impact can and should museums have on individuals, communities and civil society as a whole? This article argues that museums must not remain bystanders to the main stream of humanity but must participate in the process of development of healthy and sustainable societies.
(August 2008)
By Lois Irvine, Secretary General, Commonwealth Association of Museum


Key Note Address for the South African Museums Association Conference
To members of the South African Museums Association at their annual conference “Religious and Sacred Heritage: the diversity and sensitivities in African Cultural Traditions” , University of Stellenbosch Business School, Belleville Campus, Cape Town, South Africa.
(June 24-26, 2008)
By Prof. Martin Segger F.C.M.A., F.R.S.A.


The need for change in the preparation of museum workers as both institutions of higher education, and museums, undergo profound change to meet the challenges of the 21st Century.
(Draft January 20, 2008)
By Prof. Martin Segger F.C.M.A., F.R.S.A.
To the members of the International Council of Museums International Committee for the Training of Personnel meeting in Vienna, At the ICOM Triennial Conference, August 2007

Capturing Cultural Value

"In June 2003 Demos organised a conference called 'Valuing Culture'. The event started a debate about the degree to which cultural organisations should be obliged to use instrumental arguments to justify their public funding. In June 2004, Tessa Jowell, the Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport, published a personal essay called Government and the Value of Culture in which she asks, 'How, in going beyond targets, can we best capture the value of culture?'.

This pamphlet answers that question by proposing a wholesale reshaping of the way in which public funding of culture is undertaken. However, rather than beginning with the institutional structures and funding methodologies that currently operate, it starts with the assumptions underlying them. We need a language capable of reflecting, recognising and capturing the full range of values expressed through culture. Some of those values may be covert and naturalised, they may coexist or conflict, but only with clarity about what they are can we hope to build wide public support for the collective funding of culture."

by John Holden and Demos, 2004

Stern Review on the Economics of Climate Change

This Review was announced by the Chancellor of the Exchequer in July 2005. The Review set out to provide a report to the Prime Minister and Chancellor by Autumn 2006 assessing: