Conferences, Workshops, and Other Initiatives
Heritage and Nation Building
CAM Triennial General Assembly
Hosted by the Glenbow Museum and Archives
Calgary, Alberta, Canada
June 22-23, 2017
We will be travelling through the traditional territories of the Blackfoot and the people of the Treaty 7 region in Southern Alberta, which includes the Siksika, the Piikini, the Kainai, the Tsuut’ina, and the Stoney Nakoda First Nations and falls within Region III of the Metis Nation of Alberta. The City of Calgary is situated on land adjacent to where the Bow River meets the Elbow River, and the traditional Blackfoot name of this place is ‘Mohkinstsis’.
Treaty 7 is an agreement between the Crown and several, mainly Blackfoot, First Nation governments in what is now southern Alberta. Treaty 7 is one of 11 Numbered Treaties signed between 1871 and 1921 that established a delimited area of land for the tribes (a reserve), promised annual payments and/or provisions from the Queen to the tribes and promised continued hunting and trapping rights on the "tract surrendered" in exchange for ceded rights to their traditional territories.
Monday June 19
8:30 Depart Delta hotel downtown Calgary
9:30 Arrive Blackfoot Crossing Historical Park http://www.blackfootcrossing.ca/ (100 km), a National Historic Site governed by the Siksika First Nation. Blackfoot Crossing is a traditional bison-hunting and gathering place, the site where Treaty 7 was concluded September 22, 1877. We will be greeted by Siksika elders, given a tour of the museum facility, see interactive exhibits, walk on the trails, and enjoy a traditional lunch.
12:30 Depart Blackfoot Crossing for Writing-on-Stone (300 km)
3:30 Arrive Writing-on-Stone Provincial Park/Áísínai'pi National Historic Site https://www.albertaparks.ca/writing-on-stone.aspx nominated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The park is in the spectacular Milk River valley, a sacred landscape with the largest concentration of First Nation petroglyphs (rock carvings) and pictographs (rock paintings) on the great plains of North America. We will have an interpretive tour of the site and an early barbeque dinner with Blackfoot elders.
6:30 Depart Writing-on-Stone for Lethbridge Lodge (130 km)
8:30 Arrive Lethbridge Lodge/Galt Museum and Archives https://galtmuseum.com/
The Galt Museum tells the history of Lethbridge and southwest Alberta through its exhibitions and programs, and has a collection of 17,000+ artifacts and 600,000 archival documents and photographs. The museum is across the parking lot from the lodge – join us for a relaxing visit and refreshments.
Tuesday June 20
Early risers/walkers/joggers (on your own): A short walk from the hotel you can see the river valley, high level bridge, coal mine history, the site of the Belly River Battle between the Cree and Blackfoot, and replica Fort Whoop-Up http://galtmuseum.com/fort-whoop_up which was established to support the liquor/bison robe trade after it was banned in the United States in the 1860s. Fort Whoop-Up is managed by the Galt Museum.
8:30 Depart Lethbridge for Head-Smashed-In (70 km)
9:30 Arrive Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump http://www.history.alberta.ca/headsmashedin/
Blackfoot traditionally used their knowledge of topography and buffalo behaviour to kill bison by chasing them over a precipice. Family members camped below where they butchered the carcasses. Head-Smashed-In is a UNESCO World Heritage Site with an interpretive centre operated by Alberta Culture and Tourism. We will receive a blessing, smudge and tour with Blackfoot guides, followed by lunch.
1:00 Depart HSI for Okotoks (140 km)
2:30 Arrive at the Okotoks Erratic http://www.history.alberta.ca/okotoks/
The Okotoks Erratic, also known as Big Rock or Okotok in Blackfoot, weighs an estimated 16,500 tonnes. It is about 9 metres high, 41 metres long and 18 metres wide. The rock has broken into pieces, but is still a large landmark on the flat prairie.
3:30 Depart Okotoks for Tsuut'ina Museum (35 km)
4:30 Arrive Tsuut'ina Museum (no website)
The Tsuut’ina (Sarcee) Museum is currently under redevelopment and will reopen in May 2017 on their reserve southwest of Calgary’s city limits the museum tells the history of the Tsuut’ina people in the region.
7:30 Depart Tsuut'ina for Delta Hotel (20 km).
8:00 Arrive Delta Hotel
Subject matter experts
Blair First Rider, Aboriginal Consultation Adviser/Heritage Awareness Guide, Historic Resources Management Branch, Alberta Culture and Tourism, Government of Alberta Blair.FirstRider@gov.ab.ca; 403-653-5104. Blair First Rider is a member of the Blood/Kainai First Nation of the Blackfoot Confederacy in Stand Off, Alberta. He is a ceremonialist, a member of the Sacred Horn Society and Brave Horse/Crazy Dog societies. His experience includes traditional ecological knowledge (TEK), archaeology, Blackfoot cultural interpretation, tribal cultural resource management and Aboriginal law/constitutional law. He has been involved in a number of these sites, including as an interpreter at Head-Smashed-In-Buffalo-Jump.
Jack Brink, Curator of Archaeology, Royal Alberta Museum, Alberta Culture and Tourism, Government of Alberta Jack.Brink@gov.ab.ca; 780-453-9151.
Jack Brink received his BA from the University of Minnesota and his MA and has an Honourary Doctorate from the University of Alberta For many years, he has been working on the analysis and reporting of archaeological materials from the Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump site, a study of recording and preserving rock art images at Writing-On-Stone Provincial Park, and developing sound relations between Aboriginal groups in Alberta and the archaeological community. He has written extensively about both Head-Smashed-In and Writing-on-Stone and is the author of Imagining Head-Smashed-In as well as numerous other books and articles. His interests include cultural resource management, Plains archaeology, communal hunting, faunal analysis, large mammal behaviour and anatomy, and Aboriginal relations with archaeology.
Price per person cost (includes transportation, accommodation, 2 lunches, 1 dinner, admissions and programs) single room $310; double room $260 each.
Commonwealth Association of Museums presents
Indigenous Heritage Roundtable
at Fort Calgary
June 21, 2017 – National Aboriginal Day
with the support of the Assembly of First Nations, the Métis National Council, Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami, Indigenous Heritage Circle, and Calgary Aboriginal Urban Affairs Committee
We acknowledge that this Roundtable is taking place on the traditional territories of the Blackfoot and the people of the Treaty 7 region in Southern Alberta, which includes the Siksika, the Piikani, the Kainai, the Tsuut’ina, and the Stoney Nakoda First Nations and falls within Region III of the Metis Nation of Alberta. The City of Calgary is situated on land adjacent to where the Bow River meets the Elbow River, and the Blackfoot name of this place is ‘Mohkinstsis’.
8:00-8:45 Peace Walk from the Langevin Bridge to Fort Calgary
8:45-10:00 Reconciliation Ceremony and Breakfast
10:00-11:00 The UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP)
Chief Wilton Littlechild, Ermineskin Cree Nation; first First Nation person in Alberta to receive his law degree (1976) and be elected to Parliament (1988-1993); organised a coalition of Indigenous Nations that sought and gained consultative status with the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations; member of the United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues (2002–2007); Chairperson of the United Nations Expert Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (EMRIP); Commissioner of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (2009-2015). (invited)
Alissandra Cummins, Director, Barbados Museum and Historical Society; President of the International Council of Museums (ICOM, 2004-2010) and UNESCO Executive Board Member (2011-2013), UNESCO Intergovernmental Committee Chair for the Promotion of Return of Cultural Property to Countries of Origin or its Restitution in Case of Illicit Appropriation (ICPRCP, 2003-2005), President of the International Advisory Board Memory of the UNESCO World Programme (2077); Vice-Chair, Commonwealth Association of Museums (1995-2004). (confirmed)
Context: The UNDRIP outlines indigenous rights to self-determination, maintaining and strengthening distinct institutions and not being subjected to the destruction of indigenous culture. Implications for museums and other heritage organisations are that indigenous perspectives should be presented in exhibitions and programmes about subjects that touch on their lives. Heritage organisations have an obligation to provide accurate information about and improve awareness and understanding of indigenous peoples and their inherent rights. In addition to participating in State-supported and not-for-profit museums and archives, indigenous people have the right to establish indigenous-operated cultural centres and to preserve and continue cultural traditions, knowledge and language. Museums and heritage organisations should support efforts of indigenous people to practice and revitalise their cultural traditions and customs, strengthen indigenous institutions, cultures and traditions, maintain archaeological and historic sites, artifacts, designs, ceremonies, technologies, and visual and performing arts, and literature; support the restitution of cultural, intellectual, religious and spiritual property taken without consent or in violation of their laws, traditions and customs; and provide access in privacy to religious and cultural sites, to use and control ceremonial objects and repatriate human remains.
11:00-12:00 Truth and Reconciliation Commission’s Calls to Action
Moderator: Lorna Crowshoe, Calgary Urban Aboriginal Affairs Committee (invited)
John Moses, a member of the Delaware and Upper Mohawk bands of the Six Nations of the Grand River Territory near Brantford, Ontario who was previously employed in collections and research capacities at the Canadian Museums of History and now works as a policy analyst with the Department of Canadian Heritage in Gatineau, Quebec. The son, grandson and great-grandson of residential school survivors, he is currently completing PhD work in cultural mediations at Carleton University.
Context: The TRC includes a number of Calls to Action addressed to specific organisations within the heritage community, some of which should be considered by all heritage professionals working with sites, collections, exhibitions and programs of relevance to indigenous people. For example, the need to review policies and best practices to determine the level of compliance with the UNDRIP. In terms of reconciliation, the TRC states the need for action at local, regional and national levels. We must all recognise Aboriginal peoples’ inalienable right to know the truth about what happened and why, to make holdings related to residential schools publicly accessible, and to commit more resources to public education and programming related to residential schools. The TRC calls for support for local efforts to identify, document, maintain, commemorate, and protect residential school cemeteries or other sites at which residential school children were buried as well as the need to respond to families’ wishes for appropriate commemoration ceremonies and markers and reburial in home communities. It calls for support for a national programme for commemoration projects on the theme of reconciliation.
Responses from organisations named in the TRC report:
- John McAvity, Executive Director, Canadian Museums Association
- Normand Charbonneau, COO Library and Archives Canada
- Erica Hernandez-Read, Chair of the Response to the Report on the Truth and Reconciliation Commission Task Force, Steering Committee on Canada’s Archives, Prince George
- Paula Garrow, Acting Director / Heritage Designations and Programs, Indigenous Affairs and Cultural Heritage Directorate, Parks Canada, Government of Canada
- Stephen Loft, Director of Creating, Knowing and Sharing: The Arts and Cultures of First Nations, Inuit and Métis Peoples Program, Canada Council for the Arts (invited)
Other individuals and organisations not specifically named but who are taking action in response to the TRC will also be invited to speak, for example:
- Indigenous Heritage Circle, Julie Harris, Contentworks Inc., Ottawa
- Remembering the Children, Muriel Stanley-Venne, Edmonton, Alberta
1:00-2:30 Best Practices in Indigenous Heritage
To what degree have we as former AFN National Chief George Erasmus asked, “turned the page” in the relationship between museums and indigenous peoples? Where do we need to focus our efforts for the next decade?
Moderator: Dr. Reg Crowshoe, a prominent cultural and spiritual leader from Piikani First Nation in Southern Alberta, is widely recognized for his dedication to Piikani artifacts, traditions, language, culture, and history. Dr. Crowshoe is the founder of the Old Man River Cultural Society and the author of Akak’stiman, A Blackfoot Framework for Decision-Making and Mediation Processes (2002).
Additional speakers will be identified:
Margaret Fireman, Director, Chisasibi Heritage and Cultural Centre, Quebec
- Jameson C. Brant, Coordinator, Aboriginal Training Program in Museum Practices, Canadian Museum of History
- Gayle McIntyre, Program Coordinator, Museum Management and Curatorship/Cultural Heritage Conservation and Management Programs, Fleming College
2:30-5:00 Action Plan
Work in groups to develop an action plan for the future
5:00-6:00 Fort Calgary site tour
6:00-9:00 Bus Tour to Paskapoo Slopes and Nose Hill Park
Organised in collaboration with the Calgary Urban Aboriginal Affairs Committee
Paskapoo Slopes is a significant natural, environmental and cultural feature. Pre-European contact indigenous people used the slopes for the unobstructed views of the Bow River Valley below and the prairies beyond the high escarpment ridge. The steep cliffs were ideal for the buffalo jump and the river banks were used as winter camps.
Nose Hill Park was a wintering grounds for bison herds and contains tipi rings, tool-making stations, a stone cairn, and evidence of bison hunting.
Return to 1. Delta Hotel and 2. Fort Calgary
Thank you to our sponsors and hosts for their generous financial and in-kind support:
Alberta Historical Resources Foundation
Alberta Human Rights Education and Multiculturalism Fund
Commonwealth Association of Museums presents
Heritage and Nation Building Symposium
at Glenbow Museum and Archives, Calgary
June 22-23, 2017
We acknowledge that this symposium is taking place on the traditional territories of the Blackfoot and the people of the Treaty 7 region in Southern Alberta, which includes the Siksika, the Piikani, the Kainai, the Tsuut’ina, and the Stoney Nakoda First Nations and falls within Region III of the Metis Nation of Alberta. The City of Calgary is situated on land adjacent to where the Bow River meets the Elbow River, and the Blackfoot name of this place is ‘Mohkinstsis’.
Thursday June 22
9:00-10:00 Opening Ceremony and Welcomes
10:00-10:20 Contested Histories by Suay Aksoy, President, International Council of Museums (Turkey)
10:20-10:40 Post-Colonial Museology by Richard Benjamin, Head, International Slavery Museum, National Museums Liverpool, UK
11:15-12:00 National Identity
11:15-11:40 Restoring the Great Law of Peace: Indigenous Representation and Reconciliation in the Context of Canada, Karine Duhamel, Researcher-Curator, Indigenous Content, Canadian Museum for Human Rights (Metis/Anishinaabe)
11:40-12:00 New Canada History Hall, speaker TBA, Canadian Museum of History
1:00-2:30 National Identity
Mirrors of Our Selves – The Role of Community Museums/ Heritage Institutions in Nation-Building Suhaili Osman, National Heritage Board, Singapore
Shifting Cultural Heritage Management and its Implication to National Identity: A Case of Kenya, David Mbuthia, Coordinator of Public Programmes, Nairobi National Museum, National Museum of Kenya
Picturing Canada: Valentine & Sons’ Canadian Postcards from the Golden Age of Postcards, Ken Hall, Curator, Christchurch Art Gallery Te Puna o Waiwhetu, New Zealand
Exhibiting Arctic Canada in Britain, 1819-c.1860, Katie Murray, PhD Student, University of St. Andrews, Scotland
3:00-3:30 National Identity in South Asia
Government Museum, Jaipur by Elisabeth Herbert, Independent curator and author, Calgary
Museum Collecting and Political Identity in India by Mrinalini Venkateswaran, PhD Student, Cambridge, UK/Consultant, Delhi, Jaipur
The Partition of Punjab: The Impact of Cultural Remembrance to Create Cultural Identity by Asma Ibrahim, Director, State Bank of Pakistan Museum & Art Gallery Department
3:30-5:00 Tours of the Glenbow
5:30-7:30 Bell Studio, National Music Centre https://nmc.ca/
The National Music Centre (NMC) is a national catalyst for discovery, innovation and renewal through music. The new home at Studio Bell preserves and celebrates Canada’s music story and inspires a new generation of music lovers through programming that includes on-site and outreach education programs, performances, artist incubation and exhibitions.
Friday, June 24
9:00-10:15 Human Rights in the Canadian Indigenous Context
Museums, Human Rights and Identity by Joanne Schmidt, Acting Curator, Indigenous Studies, Glenbow Museum, Calgary
The Haida Gwaii Museum-A Space for Reconciliation, Scott Marsden, Director, and Nika Collison, Curator, Haida Gwaii Museum, British Columbia, Canada
Reconciliation and the Gallery: An Exhibition Case Study from Conception to Execution by Troy Patenaude, Manager of Special Events and Visitor Experiences, Fort Calgary, Barbara Hilden, Exhibits Coordinator, Borealis Gallery and Erin McDonald, Manager, Art Collections for the Alberta Foundation for the Arts and Government of Alberta
10:30-12:00 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and Participatory Governance
Traditional Art is Healing: Of Climate Change and Losses in Landscapes, Homes and Loved Ones by Lumepa Apelu, Principal Museum Officer, National Museum of Samoa
The Case Study of Culture and Development in Malawi while Making the Museum of Malawi an Agent of Change by Aaron Maluwa, Museums of Malawi
3rd panelist to be confirmed
12:30-1:30 CAM AGM & Elections
1:30-3:00 Human Remains Management and Repatriation: The Southern African Context
In 2016, CAM, the Iziko Museums of South Africa, Museums Association of Namibia, and National Museum of Botswana embarked on a project to develop policy and guidelines for human remains management in southern African
Moderator: Keely McCavitt, CAM intern at Iziko Museums 2016-2017
Jeremy Silvester, Project Development Manager, Museums Association of Namibia
Winani Kgwatalala, Chief Curator/HOD Ethnology Division, National Museum & Monuments, Gaborone, Botswana
Rooksana Omar, Executive Director/CEO and Wendy Black, Curator of Archaeology, Iziko Museums of South Africa
3:00-4:30 Migration Cities: (Im)migration and Arrival Cities
CAM collaboration with ICOM CAMOC (Collections and Activities of Museums of Cities) and ICR (Regional Museums)
Moderator: Catherine C. Cole, CAM Secretary-General/CAMOC Vice-Chair/Principal Consultant, Catherine C. Cole & Associates and Carrie-Ann Lunde, ICOM ICR Board Member/Royal Tyrrell Museum, Alberta
Lessons from a Migration Museum Microcosm: A Case Study from Aotearoa New Zealand by Jane Legget, Associate Director, Cultural Heritage, New Zealand Tourism Research Institute, Auckland University of Technology, New Zealand
Migration and Museums in the Caribbean and amongst Diaspora Communities in Europe by Alissandra Cummins, Director, Barbados Museum & Historical Society, Barbados
The Heritage of Transatlantic Encounters: Connecting Three Worlds through Shared Roots and Union, Louisa Nnenna Onuoha, Assistant Chief Museum Education Officer and Blessing Egoyibo O-Anyakpo, Museum Education Officer, National Museum Oyo, Nigeria
Thank you to our sponsors for their generous support
Alberta Historical Resources Foundation
Glenbow Museum and Archives